喔佮弗喔⑧父喔椸笜喙屶釜喔`箟喔侧竾喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔娻阜喙堗腑喔∴副喙堗笝 喔佮覆喔`笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔

      
     喔佮覆喔`笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔侧浮喔膏箞喔囙竸喔о覆喔∴笝喙堗覆喙喔娻阜喙堗腑喔栢阜喔箑喔涏箛喔權辅喔灌笝喔⑧箤喔佮弗喔侧竾 
      RCM 喙喔`复喙堗浮喔∴傅喔炧副喔掄笝喔侧竵喔侧福喙冟笝喔娻箞喔о竾喔椸辅喔о福喔`俯 1950 喙傕笖喔⑧腑喔膏笗喔覆喔竵喔`福喔∴腑喔侧竵喔侧辅喔⑧覆喔權笚喔掂箞喙喔涏箛喔權笢喔ム浮喔侧笀喔侧竵喔佮覆喔`辅喔多竵喔┼覆喔勦抚喔侧浮喔權箞喔侧箑喔娻阜喙堗腑喔栢阜喔笅喔多箞喔囙箑喔佮傅喙堗涪喔о競喙夃腑喔囙竵喔编笟喔父喔涏竵喔`笓喙屶笚喔掂箞喔∴傅喔勦抚喔侧浮喔嬥副喔氞笅喙夃腑喔 喙傕笖喔⑧箑喔夃笧喔侧赴喙冟笝喔娻箞喔о竾喔椸辅喔о福喔`俯 1960 喙勦笖喙夃浮喔掂箓喔勦福喔囙竵喔侧福喔ㄠ付喔佮俯喔侧竸喔о覆喔∴笝喙堗覆喙喔娻阜喙堗腑喔栢阜喔箖喔權腑喔膏笗喔覆喔竵喔`福喔 喔覆喔佮覆喔ㄠ涪喔侧笝喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔佮覆喔`笗喔笟喔笝喔竾喔曕箞喔笡喔编笉喔覆喔勦箞喔侧箖喔娻箟喔堗箞喔侧涪喔氞赋喔`父喔囙福喔编竵喔┼覆喔椸傅喙堗箑喔炧复喙堗浮喔傕付喙夃笝喔涪喙堗覆喔囙福喔о笖喙喔`箛喔о箒喔ム赴喔佮覆喔`笀喔编笖喔椸赋喔佮赋喔笝喔斷竵喔侧福喔氞赋喔`父喔囙福喔编竵喔┼覆喔涪喙堗覆喔囙箑喔浮喔侧赴喔浮 喔嬥付喙堗竾喙勦笖喙夃浮喔掂笟喔椸笟喔侧笚喙冟笝喔樴父喔`竵喔脆笀喔父喔曕釜喔侧斧喔佮福喔`浮喔曕箞喔侧竾 喙 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔 Reliability-Centered Maintenance 喔堗付喔囙箑喔涏箛喔權竵喔`赴喔氞抚喔權竵喔侧福喔椸傅喙堗箖喔娻箟喙冟笝喔佮覆喔`笡喔`赴喙喔∴复喔權箑喔炧阜喙堗腑喔佮赋喔笝喔斷笝喙傕涪喔氞覆喔⑧斧喔`阜喔釜喙堗抚喔權笡喔`赴喔浮喔椸覆喔囙竵喔ム涪喔膏笚喔樴箤喔赋喔福喔编笟喔堗副喔斷竵喔侧福喔复喔權笚喔`副喔炧涪喙屶笚喔侧竾喔佮覆喔⑧笭喔侧笧喔椸傅喙堗福喔о浮喔栢付喔 喙喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔堗副喔佮福喔涪喙堗覆喔囙箑喔浮喔侧赴喔浮喔椸傅喙堗釜喔膏笖 喔斷箟喔о涪喔佮覆喔`福喔班笟喔膏斧喔權箟喔侧笚喔掂箞喔佮覆喔`笚喔赤竾喔侧笝喔傕腑喔囙釜喔脆笝喔椸福喔编笧喔⑧箤喙佮弗喔班福喔灌笡喙佮笟喔氞斧喔`阜喔釜喔侧箑喔笗喔膏竵喔侧福喔娻赋喔`父喔 喔`抚喔∴笚喔编箟喔囙竵喔侧福喔佮赋喔笝喔斷竸喔о覆喔∴笗喙夃腑喔囙竵喔侧福喔氞赋喔`父喔囙福喔编竵喔┼覆喔傕腑喔囙釜喔脆笝喔椸福喔编笧喔⑧箤喔斷副喔囙竵喔ム箞喔侧抚 喙傕笖喔⑧笚喔掂箞 RCM 喔覆喔∴覆喔`笘喔權复喔⑧覆喔∴箖喔權福喔灌笡喔傕腑喔囙箓喔勦福喔囙釜喔`箟喔侧竾喙佮弗喔班竵喔`赴喔氞抚喔權竵喔侧福喔椸覆喔囙笗喔`福喔佮赴 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔佮覆喔`竵喔赤斧喔權笖喙佮笝喔о笚喔侧竾喔氞赋喔`父喔囙福喔编竵喔┼覆喔涪喙堗覆喔囙浮喔掂笡喔`赴喔复喔椸笜喔脆笢喔 喙傕笖喔⑧浮喔膏箞喔囙箑喔權箟喔權竸喔о覆喔∴笟喔`福喔ム父喔溹弗喙冟笝喔`赴喔斷副喔氞競喔竾喔勦抚喔侧浮喔權箞喔侧箑喔娻阜喙堗腑喔栢阜喔笚喔掂箞喔⑧腑喔∴福喔编笟 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔 RCM 喔堗付喔囙箑喔涏箛喔權箒喔權抚喔椸覆喔囙腑喔⑧箞喔侧竾喙喔涏箛喔權福喔班笟喔 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喙喔傕箟喔侧箖喔堗笘喔多竾喙佮笝喔о笚喔侧竾喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷競喔竾喙喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔堗副喔佮福喙佮弗喔班竵喔侧福喔`赴喔氞父喔囙覆喔權笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔 喔椸傅喙堗釜喔侧浮喔侧福喔栢弗喔斷竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喙冟斧喙夃箑喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔權笝喙夃腑喔⑧笚喔掂箞喔父喔 喙傕笖喔⑧浮喔膏箞喔囙竸喔о覆喔∴笝喙堗覆喙喔娻阜喙堗腑喔栢阜喔釜喔灌竾喔父喔 喙佮弗喔 RCM 喔⑧副喔囙浮喔膏箞喔囙箒喔權抚喔椸覆喔囙笗喙堗腑喔佮覆喔`笧喔脆笀喔侧福喔撪覆 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔ム笖喔福喔粪腑喔傕笀喔编笖喔囙覆喔權笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔侧箑喔娻复喔囙笡喙夃腑喔囙竵喔编笝喔椸傅喙堗箑喔佮复喔權竸喔о覆喔∴笀喔赤箑喔涏箛喔

     喔赋喔福喔编笟喔傕箟喔箒喔曕竵喔曕箞喔侧竾喔`赴喔抚喙堗覆喔 TPM 喔佮副喔 RCM 喔椸傅喙堗釜喔赤竸喔编笉 喔勦阜喔 RCM 喙勦笖喙夃笘喔灌竵喔笝喔编笟喔笝喔膏笝喔佮弗喔⑧父喔椸笜喙屶箑喔炧阜喙堗腑喔涏福喔编笟喔涏福喔膏竾喔佮覆喔`笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔 喔斷副喔囙笚喔掂箞喔佮弗喙堗覆喔о箒喔ム箟喔 喙喔娻箞喔 喔佮覆喔`浮喔膏箞喔囙釜喙堗抚喔權笡喔`赴喔浮喔佮覆喔`笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔侧箒喔ム赴喔`赴喔斷副喔氞竵喔侧福喔堗副喔斷箑喔佮箛喔氞笂喔脆箟喔權釜喙堗抚喔權腑喔班箘喔弗喙 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔涏福喔班釜喔脆笚喔樴复喔溹弗喔椸覆喔囙竸喙堗覆喙冟笂喙夃笀喙堗覆喔⑧箖喔權福喔班笖喔编笟喙喔浮喔侧赴喔浮喔椸傅喙堗釜喔膏笖 喔傕笓喔班笚喔掂箞 TPM 喙喔涏箛喔權箑喔炧傅喔⑧竾喔佮复喔堗竵喔`福喔∴竵喔侧福喔氞赋喔`父喔囙福喔编竵喔┼覆喙佮笗喙堗涪喔编竾喙勦浮喙堗釜喔侧浮喔侧福喔栢笡喔`副喔氞笡喔`父喔囙箒喔ム赴喔⑧竵喔`赴喔斷副喔氞竸喔о覆喔∴笝喙堗覆喙喔娻阜喙堗腑喔栢阜喔 喙傕笖喔⑧浮喔膏箞喔囙笡喔编笀喔堗副喔⑧競喔竾喔溹腹喙夃笡喔忇复喔氞副喔曕复喔佮覆喔`釜喔赤斧喔`副喔氞竵喔侧福喔斷腹喙佮弗喔`副喔佮俯喔侧箑喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾 喔副喔權箘喔斷箟喙佮竵喙堗笚喔编竵喔┼赴 喔о复喔樴傅喔佮覆喔`笡喔忇复喔氞副喔曕复喔佮覆喔 喙佮弗喔班笭喔侧福喔班竵喔侧福喔椸赋喔囙覆喔權競喔竾喙喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾 喔嬥付喙堗竾喔涏副喔堗笀喔编涪喔椸副喙夃竾喔浮喔斷笝喔掂箟喔堗赴喔∴傅喔溹弗喔佮福喔班笚喔氞笗喙堗腑喔勦抚喔侧浮喔權箞喔侧箑喔娻阜喙堗腑喔傕腑喔囙箑喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔堗副喔佮福
      RCM 喔∴傅喔佮福喔班笟喔о笝喔佮覆喔`笚喔氞笚喔о笝喔曕福喔`竵喔 7 喔傕副喙夃笝喔曕腑喔 喔斷副喔囙箒喔笖喔囙箖喔權福喔灌笡喔椸傅喙 1 喔嬥付喙堗竾喔∴傅喙傕竸喔`竾喔福喙夃覆喔囙竵喔`赴喔氞抚喔權竵喔侧福喙佮笟喔氞笅喙夃赋喔椸傅喙堗笘喔灌竵喙冟笂喙夃箖喔權竵喔侧福喔о复喙喔勦福喔侧赴喔箤喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔傅喙堗涪喔 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔權笀喔多竾喔曕箟喔竾喔∴傅喔佮覆喔`笚喔赤竸喔о覆喔∴箑喔傕箟喔侧箖喔堗箖喔權抚喔编笗喔栢父喔涏福喔班釜喔囙竸喙屶笚喔侧竾喔樴父喔`竵喔脆笀

喔`腹喔涏笚喔掂箞 1 喔佮福喔班笟喔о笝喔佮覆喔`笖喔赤箑喔權复喔權竵喔侧福 7 喔傕副喙夃笝喔曕腑喔權競喔竾 RCM


喙喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔∴阜喔斧喔ム副喔佮笚喔掂箞喙冟笂喙夃箖喔 RCM 喔涏福喔班竵喔笟喔斷箟喔о涪 
      - 喙佮笢喔權笢喔编竾喔佮覆喔`笗喔编笖喔复喔權箖喔 喔福喔粪腑喙佮笢喔權笭喔侧笧喔椸覆喔囙笗喔`福喔佮赴 喙佮弗喔班浮喔掂笂喔粪箞喔涪喙堗腑喔о箞喔 MSG –3 (Maintenance Steering Group model 3) 喙傕笖喔⑧竸喔赤笝喔多竾喔栢付喔囙竸喔о覆喔∴箑喔涏箛喔權箘喔涏箘喔斷箟喔椸覆喔囙箑喔椸竸喔權复喔 (Tech nicely feasible) 喙佮弗喔班浮喔掂笡喔`赴喔复喔椸笜喔脆笢喔
      - 喔佮覆喔`抚喔脆箑喔勦福喔侧赴喔箤喔溹弗喔佮福喔班笚喔氞箒喔ム赴喔`腹喔涏箒喔氞笟喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔椸傅喙堗笘喔灌竵喙冟笂喙夃釜喔赤斧喔`副喔氞竵喔侧福喔о复喙喔勦福喔侧赴喔箤喔`腹喔涏箒喔氞笟喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喙佮弗喔班笢喔ム竵喔`赴喔椸笟喔椸傅喙堗箑喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔 喔嬥付喙堗竾喔`腹喔涏箒喔氞笟喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪 喔覆喔∴覆喔`笘喔笜喔脆笟喔侧涪喔斷箟喔о涪喔`覆喔⑧弗喔班箑喔傅喔⑧笖喔覆喔`釜喔權箑喔椸辅喔椸傅喙堗箒喔笖喔囙箖喔權箖喔氞竾喔侧笝 喙佮弗喔班福喔侧涪喔ム赴喙喔傅喔⑧笖喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喙喔涏箛喔權箒喔權抚喔椸覆喔囙箖喔權竵喔侧福喙喔ム阜喔竵喔佮弗喔⑧父喔椸笜喙屶笀喔编笖喔佮覆喔`竸喔о覆喔∴箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔氞赋喔`父喔囙福喔编竵喔┼覆喙勦笖喙夃腑喔⑧箞喔侧竾喙喔浮喔侧赴喔浮 喔栢箟喔侧斧喔侧竵喙佮釜喔斷竾喔`覆喔⑧弗喔班箑喔傅喔⑧笖喔權箟喔涪喙喔佮复喔權箘喔涏竵喙囙腑喔侧笀喔箞喔囙笢喔ム笗喙堗腑喔佮覆喔`抚喔脆箑喔勦福喔侧赴喔箤喔椸傅喙堗笢喔脆笖喔炧弗喔侧笖 喙佮笗喙堗笘喙夃覆喔覆喔佮箒喔笖喔囙福喔侧涪喔ム赴喙喔傅喔⑧笖喔∴覆喔佮箑喔佮复喔權箘喔涏竵喙囙腑喔侧笀喔箞喔囙笢喔ム笗喙堗腑喔佮福喔班笟喔о笝喔佮覆喔 RCM 喔椸傅喙堗箑喔佮复喔權竸喔о覆喔∴笀喔赤箑喔涏箛喔 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔權竵喔侧福喔о复喙喔勦福喔侧赴喔箤喔堗付喔囙笗喙夃腑喔囙笧喔脆笀喔侧福喔撪覆喔栢付喔: 
- 喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔涏箛喔權箑喔笗喔 ( Causation ) : 喙傕笖喔⑧箑喔夃笧喔侧赴喔覆喙喔笗喔膏斧喔ム副喔 ( Root causes )
- 喔勦抚喔侧浮喔權箞喔侧笀喔班箑喔涏箛喔 ( Probability ) 喔傕腑喔囙竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔佮箞喔笝喔椸傅喙堗笀喔班箑喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔
- 喔溹弗喔椸傅喙堗竵喔`赴喔椸笟喔曕覆喔∴浮喔 ( Effects )
- 喔`腹喔涏箒喔氞笟喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪 ( Failure modes ) 喙佮弗喔班竵喔侧福喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔侧福
喔赋喔福喔编笟喔傕箟喔浮喔灌弗喙喔佮傅喙堗涪喔о竵喔编笟喔`腹喔涏箒喔氞笟喙佮弗喔班笢喔ム竵喔`赴喔椸笟喔覆喔∴覆喔`笘喔覆喙勦笖喙夃笀喔侧竵喙佮斧喔ム箞喔囙笗喙堗覆喔 喙 喔斷副喔囙笝喔掂箟
- 喔傕箟喔浮喔灌弗喔堗覆喔佮笢喔灌箟喔溹弗喔脆笗喔福喔粪腑喔溹腹喙夃競喔侧涪喙喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔堗副喔佮福
- 喔溹腹喙夃箖喔娻箟喔囙覆喔權箑喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔堗副喔佮福喔涏福喔班箑喔犩笚喙喔斷傅喔⑧抚喔佮副喔
- 喔氞副喔權笚喔多竵喔堗覆喔佮競喙夃腑喔∴腹喔ム竵喔侧福喙冟笂喙夃竾喔侧笝喔椸傅喙堗笢喙堗覆喔權浮喔
- 喔氞父喔勦弗喔侧竵喔`笢喔灌箟喔涏笍喔脆笟喔编笗喔脆竵喔侧福喙佮弗喔班笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔侧腑喔膏笡喔佮福喔撪箤喔斷副喔囙竵喔ム箞喔侧抚

                       
                                                     

喔`腹喔涏笚喔掂箞2 喔曕副喔о腑喔⑧箞喔侧竾喙佮笢喔權笭喔侧笧喔佮覆喔`笗喔编笖喔复喔權箖喔

 喔曕覆喔`覆喔囙箒喔笖喔囙笗喔编抚喔涪喙堗覆喔囙箒喔溹箞喔權竾喔侧笝喔赋喔福喔编笟喔佮覆喔`抚喔脆箑喔勦福喔侧赴喔箤 RCM

喔∴覆喔曕福喔愢覆喔權箑喔佮笓喔戉箤喔佮覆喔`竸喔编笖喙喔ム阜喔竵喔權箓喔⑧笟喔侧涪喔佮覆喔`笀喔编笖喔佮覆喔`竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪
- 喔佮福喔班笟喔о笝喔佮覆喔`竸喔编笖喙喔ム阜喔竵喔權箓喔⑧笟喔侧涪喔勦抚喔`笖喔赤箑喔權复喔權竵喔侧福喔氞笝喙喔囙阜喙堗腑喔權箘喔傕竸喔о覆喔∴笝喙堗覆喔堗赴喙喔涏箛喔權競喔竾喔`腹喔涏箒喔氞笟喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔椸傅喙堗釜喔灌竾喔傕付喙夃笝喔曕覆喔∴腑喔侧涪喔膏竵喔侧福喙冟笂喙夃竾喔侧笝
- 喔佮覆喔`竵喔赤斧喔權笖喔佮覆喔`競喔竾喔囙覆喔權竸喔о福喔∴傅喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔涏箛喔權箘喔涏箘喔涏箘喔斷箟喔椸覆喔囙箑喔椸竸喔權复喔勦箒喔ム赴喙喔佮复喔斷笡喔`赴喔复喔椸笜喔脆笢喔ム笀喔侧竵喔佮覆喔`笖喔赤箑喔權复喔權竵喔侧福 喔犩覆喔⑧箖喔曕箟喔權箓喔⑧笟喔侧涪喔椸傅喙堗笘喔灌竵喔勦副喔斷箑喔ム阜喔竵
- 喔栢箟喔侧斧喔侧竵喔∴傅喔傕箟喔箑喔笝喔笝喙傕涪喔氞覆喔⑧笀喔编笖喔佮覆喔`竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔∴覆喔佮竵喔о箞喔侧釜喔竾喔權箓喔⑧笟喔侧涪喔傕付喙夃笝喙勦笡 喔椸傅喙堗浮喔掂竸喔о覆喔∴箑喔涏箛喔權箘喔涏箘喔斷箟喔椸覆喔囙箑喔椸竸喔權复喔勦箒喔ム赴喙喔佮复喔斷笡喔`赴喔复喔椸笜喔脆笢喔 喔佮箛喔栢阜喔抚喙堗覆喔權箓喔⑧笟喔侧涪喙喔弗喙堗覆喔權傅喙夃箑喔佮复喔斷笡喔`赴喔复喔椸笜喔脆笢喔ム笚喔侧竾喔曕箟喔權笚喔膏笝喙佮弗喔班竸喔о福喙勦笖喙夃福喔编笟喔佮覆喔`竸喔编笖喙喔ム阜喔竵喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔侧福
喔權腑喔佮笀喔侧竵喔權傅喙夃涪喔编竾喔曕箟喔竾喔∴傅喔佮覆喔`福喔班笟喔膏浮喔侧笗喔`笎喔侧笝喙佮弗喔班竵喔赤斧喔權笖喔佮覆喔`競喔竾喔囙覆喔 喔嬥付喙堗竾喔∴傅喔佮覆喔`笗喔`抚喔堗笗喔脆笖喔曕覆喔∴腑喔⑧箞喔侧竾喔曕箞喔箑喔權阜喙堗腑喔 喙傕笖喔⑧浮喔掂箒喔權抚喔椸覆喔囙笧喔脆笀喔侧福喔撪覆喔斷副喔囙笝喔掂箟
- 喙冟笝喔佮福喔撪傅喔傕腑喔囙福喔灌笡喙佮笟喔氞竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔椸傅喙堗笅喙堗腑喔權箑喔`箟喔 喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔佮傅喙堗涪喔о競喙夃腑喔囙斧喔`阜喔釜喙堗竾喔溹弗喔曕箞喔竵喔`赴喔椸笟喔曕箞喔竸喔о覆喔∴笡喔ム腑喔斷笭喔编涪喔傕腑喔囙釜喔犩覆喔炧箒喔о笖喔ム箟喔浮喔佮覆喔`笚喔赤竾喔侧笝 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔權竾喔侧笝喔椸傅喙堗笘喔灌竵喔`赴喔氞父喔勦抚喔`笗喙夃腑喔囙釜喔侧浮喔侧福喔栢弗喔斷箓喔竵喔侧釜喔福喔粪腑喔勦抚喔侧浮喔權箞喔侧笀喔班箑喔涏箛喔權競喔竾喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪 喙冟斧喙夃腑喔⑧腹喙堗箖喔權福喔班笖喔编笟喔椸傅喙堗笢喔灌箟喔涏笍喔脆笟喔编笗喔脆竵喔侧福喔覆喔∴覆喔`笘喔⑧腑喔∴福喔编笟喙勦笖喙
- 喙冟笝喔佮福喔撪傅喔傕腑喔囙福喔灌笡喙佮笟喔氞竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔椸傅喙堗笅喙堗腑喔權箑喔`箟喔 喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔佮傅喙堗涪喔о競喙夃腑喔囙斧喔`阜喔釜喙堗竾喔溹弗喔曕箞喔竵喔`赴喔椸笟喔曕箞喔竸喔о覆喔∴笡喔ム腑喔斷笭喔编涪喔傕腑喔囙釜喔犩覆喔炧箒喔о笖喔ム箟喔浮喔佮覆喔`笚喔赤竾喔侧笝 喔勦箞喔侧箖喔娻箟喔堗箞喔侧涪喔椸副喙夃竾喔椸覆喔囙笗喔`竾喙佮弗喔班笚喔侧竾喔箟喔浮喔傕腑喔囙竵喔侧福喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔脆笀喔佮福喔`浮喔氞赋喔`父喔囙福喔编竵喔┼覆 喔勦抚喔`浮喔掂竸喙堗覆喔權箟喔涪喔佮抚喙堗覆喔勦箞喔侧竸喔о覆喔∴箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔椸副喙夃竾喙冟笝喔椸覆喔囙笗喔`竾喙佮弗喔班笚喔侧竾喔箟喔浮喔傕腑喔囙笢喔ム竵喔`赴喔椸笟喔椸傅喙堗箑喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔權笀喔侧竵喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔`抚喔∴竵喔编笟喔勦箞喔侧箖喔娻箟喔堗箞喔侧涪喔傕腑喔囙竵喔侧福喔嬥箞喔浮喙佮笅喔∴笚喔掂箞喙喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔 喙喔∴阜喙堗腑喔椸赋喔佮覆喔`抚喔编笖喙喔涏福喔掂涪喔氞箑喔椸傅喔⑧笟喔曕弗喔笖喔娻箞喔о竾喙喔о弗喔
- RCM 喔勦抚喔`弗喔斷斧喔`阜喔笡喔忇复喙喔笜喔囙覆喔權笚喔掂箞喙勦浮喙堗浮喔掂笢喔ム笗喙堗腑喔佮覆喔`弗喔斷箓喔竵喔侧釜喔佮覆喔`箑喔佮复喔斷竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪 喙冟斧喙夃腑喔⑧腹喙堗箖喔權福喔班笖喔编笟喔椸傅喙堗涪喔浮喔`副喔氞箘喔斷箟喔傕腑喔囙笢喔灌箟喔涏笍喔脆笟喔编笗喔脆竵喔侧福喔福喔粪腑喙冟笂喙夃箑喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔堗副喔佮福
   喔赋喔福喔编笟喔佮覆喔`笧喔脆笀喔侧福喔撪覆喙佮笝喔о笚喔侧竾喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔侧福喔曕箞喔竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔-喔覆喔⑧笚喔掂箞喙勦浮喙堗浮喔掂笢喔ム竵喔`赴喔椸笟喔曕箞喔竸喔о覆喔∴笡喔ム腑喔斷笭喔编涪喙冟笝喔笭喔侧笧喙佮抚喔斷弗喙夃腑喔∴竵喔侧福喔椸赋喔囙覆喔 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔 RCM 喔堗赴喙喔涏福喔掂涪喔氞箑喔椸傅喔⑧笟喔勦箞喔侧箖喔娻箟喔堗箞喔侧涪喔傕腑喔囙竵喔侧福喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔脆笀喔佮福喔`浮喔囙覆喔權箑喔斷傅喔⑧抚 喙喔椸傅喔⑧笟喔佮副喔氞竸喙堗覆喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔勦福喔编箟喔囙箑喔斷傅喔⑧抚 喙傕笖喔⑧弗喔粪浮喔炧复喔堗覆喔`笓喔侧笘喔多竾喔о箞喔侧竾喔侧笝喔斷副喔囙竵喔ム箞喔侧抚喔覆喔堗笗喙夃腑喔囙浮喔掂竵喔侧福喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔侧福喔弗喔侧涪喔勦福喔编箟喔囙竵喙堗腑喔權笚喔掂箞喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔堗赴喙喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔 喙傕笖喔⑧箑喔夃笧喔侧赴喔囙覆喔權笚喔掂箞喙喔佮傅喙堗涪喔о競喙夃腑喔囙竵喔编笟喔佮覆喔`竸喙夃笝喔覆喔勦抚喔侧浮喔氞竵喔炧福喙堗腑喔囙笚喔掂箞喔覆喔堗竵喙堗腑喙冟斧喙夃箑喔佮复喔斷竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔傕付喙夃笝 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔權竵喔侧福喔`赴喔氞父喔佮复喔堗竵喔`福喔∴竾喔侧笝喔堗付喔囙箒喔氞箞喔囙腑喔竵喙喔涏箛喔權笡喔`赴喙喔犩笚喔曕箞喔侧竾 喙 喔勦阜喔

1. 喔囙覆喔權笗喔`抚喔堗笀喔编笟喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪 喔福喔粪腑喔覆喔堗箑喔`傅喔⑧竵喔о箞喔侧竵喔侧福喔勦覆喔斷竵喔侧福喔撪箤 喔椸傅喙堗箑喔佮傅喙堗涪喔о競喙夃腑喔囙竵喔编笟喔佮覆喔`笟喔赤福喔膏竾喔`副喔佮俯喔侧笗喔侧浮喔笭喔侧笧 喔∴傅喔佮覆喔`笗喔`抚喔堗笗喔脆笖喔曕覆喔∴釜喔犩覆喔炧競喔竾喔复喔權笚喔`副喔炧涪喙 ( 喙喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔堗副喔佮福 ) 喔椸傅喙堗笘喔灌竵喙冟笂喙夃竾喔侧笝喙傕笖喔⑧浮喔膏箞喔囙竸喙夃笝喔覆喔副喔嵿笉喔侧笓喙佮笀喙夃竾喙喔曕阜喔笝喔佮箞喔笝喔椸傅喙堗竵喔侧福喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔堗赴喙喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔 喔嬥付喙堗竾喔栢箟喔侧斧喔侧竵喔炧笟喔勦抚喔侧浮喔溹复喔斷笡喔佮笗喔脆競喔多箟喔權箒喔ム赴喔⑧副喔囙浮喔掂箑喔о弗喔侧箑喔炧傅喔⑧竾喔炧腑喔佮箛喔覆喔堗笖喔赤箑喔權复喔權竵喔侧福喔曕覆喔∴竸喔о覆喔∴箑喔浮喔侧赴喔浮 喙傕笖喔⑧腑喔侧笀喔∴傅喔佮覆喔`竵喔赤斧喔權笖喔佮覆喔`竾喔侧笝喔嬥箞喔浮喙佮笅喔∴箒喔ム赴喔佮覆喔`笀喔编笖喔嬥阜喙夃腑喔娻复喙夃笝喔箞喔о笝 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔佮覆喔`笖喔赤箑喔權复喔權竵喔侧福喔嬥箞喔浮喙佮笅喔∴笝喔竵喔覆喔⑧竵喔侧福喔溹弗喔脆笗 喙喔娻箞喔 喙喔勦福喔粪箞喔竾喔氞复喔權笚喔掂箞喔堗腑喔斷笟喔`复喙喔о笓喔權腑喔佮弗喔侧笝喔氞复喔權箑喔炧阜喙堗腑喔`腑喔佮覆喔`笅喙堗腑喔∴箒喔嬥浮喙佮弗喔班箑喔涏弗喔掂箞喔⑧笝喔娻复喙夃笝喔箞喔о笝 喙佮笗喙堗笘喙夃覆喔覆喔佮笧喔氞釜喔编笉喔嵿覆喔撪箒喔堗箟喔囙箑喔曕阜喔笝喙佮弗喔班箘喔∴箞喔∴傅喙喔о弗喔侧箑喔炧傅喔⑧竾喔炧腑喔曕箞喔竵喔侧福喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔侧福喙冟笖 喙 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔ム笖喔福喔粪腑喔傕笀喔编笖喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔椸傅喙堗笀喔班箑喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔 喔佮箛喔勦抚喔`涪喔佮箑喔ム复喔佮竵喔`赴喔氞抚喔權竵喔侧福 喔傕腑喔 RCM 
2.喔佮赋喔笝喔斷竵喔侧福喔囙覆喔權笩喔粪箟喔權笩喔灌釜喔犩覆喔 喙傕笖喔⑧笩喔粪箟喔權釜喔犩覆喔炧竸喔о覆喔∴釜喔侧浮喔侧福喔栢競喔竾喔`覆喔⑧竵喔侧福喔娻复喙夃笝喔箞喔о笝喔佮箞喔笝喔娻箞喔о竾喙喔о弗喔侧笚喔掂箞喔`赴喔氞父喔福喔粪腑喙喔о弗喔侧笚喔掂箞喔堗赋喔佮副喔 喙傕笖喔⑧箘喔∴箞喔勦赋喔權付喔囙笘喔多竾喙喔囙阜喙堗腑喔權箘喔傕笚喔侧竾喙喔о弗喔 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喙冟斧喙夃浮喔掂釜喔犩覆喔炧竵喔侧福喙冟笂喙夃竾喔侧笝喙冟笝喔`赴喔斷副喔氞笚喔掂箞喔⑧腑喔∴福喔编笟喙勦笖喙夃笀喔權笘喔多竾喔涏弗喔侧涪喔娻箞喔о竾喙喔о弗喔侧笘喔编笖喙勦笡 喔嬥付喙堗竾喔∴傅喙喔佮笓喔戉箤喙冟笝喔佮覆喔`福喔班笟喔膏竾喔侧笝喔佮覆喔`笩喔粪箟喔權笩喔灌釜喔犩覆喔 喔勦阜喔
- 喔勦抚喔`浮喔掂竵喔侧福喔權复喔⑧覆喔∴箒喔ム赴喔`赴喔氞父喔娻箞喔о竾喙喔о弗喔侧笚喔掂箞喔炧复喔堗覆喔`笓喔侧竵喔侧福喔熰阜喙夃笝喔熰腹喔笭喔侧笧喔涪喙堗覆喔囙笂喔编笖喙喔堗笝
- 喔囙覆喔權笚喔掂箞喔斷赋喙喔權复喔權竵喔侧福 喔勦抚喔`笗喙夃腑喔囙釜喔侧浮喔侧福喔栢笗喙夃覆喔權笚喔侧笝喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔傕腑喔囙笂喔脆箟喔權釜喙堗抚喔權斧喔`阜喔腑喔囙竸喙屶笡喔`赴喔佮腑喔氞抚喙堗覆 喔涪喔灌箞喙冟笝喔`赴喔斷副喔氞笚喔掂箞喔⑧腑喔∴福喔编笟喙勦笖喙夃笗喙堗腑喔溹腹喙夃笡喔忇复喔氞副喔曕复喔佮覆喔`斧喔`阜喔笢喔灌箟喙冟笂喙夃釜喔脆笝喔椸福喔编笧喔⑧箤 (喔复喔權笚喔`副喔炧涪喙) 
- 喔佮赋喔笝喔斷竵喔侧福喔囙覆喔權笩喔粪箟喔權笩喔灌釜喔犩覆喔炧竸喔о福喔∴傅喔勦抚喔侧浮喙喔涏箛喔權箘喔涏箘喔斷箟喙冟笝喔椸覆喔囙笡喔忇复喔氞副喔曕复
3. 喔囙覆喔權竸喙夃笝喔覆喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔勦阜喔 喔佮赋喔笝喔斷竵喔侧福喔傕腑喔囙竾喔侧笝喔椸傅喙堗笘喔灌竵喙冟笂喙夃箑喔炧阜喙堗腑喔`赴喔氞父喔勦抚喔侧浮喔娻赋喔`父喔斷箑喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪喔嬥箞喔笝喙喔`箟喔權笚喔掂箞喙喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔 喔嬥付喙堗竾喙勦浮喙堗箖喔娻箞喔佮覆喔`竸喔侧笖喔佮覆喔`笓喙屶斧喔`阜喔竵喔侧福喔涏箟喔竾喔佮副喔權竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪 喔斷副喔囙笝喔编箟喔權竵喔脆笀喔佮福喔`浮喔囙覆喔權笖喔编竾喔佮弗喙堗覆喔о笀喔多竾喙喔涏箛喔權竵喔侧福喔曕福喔о笀喔堗副喔氞竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙喔傅喔⑧斧喔侧涪 喔嬥付喙堗竾喙勦笖喙夃箑喔佮复喔斷競喔多箟喔權箒喔ム箟喔 喙喔炧阜喙堗腑喔椸傅喙堗笀喔班弗喔斷箓喔竵喔侧釜喔佮覆喔`箑喔佮复喔斷竸喔о覆喔∴笂喔赤福喔膏笖喙佮笟喔 Multiple failure


喙喔竵喔覆喔`腑喙夃覆喔囙腑喔脆竾
1. Jones, RlB.Risk-Based Management- A Reliability –Centered Approach , Gulf Publishing Company,1995
2. Rausand,M Reliability maintenance, Reliability centered maintenance,Reliability Engineering and System Safety,60,pp. 121-132, 1998.
3. Moubray, J Reliability- centered Maintenance, 2nd edition. Industrial Press Inc, 1997
4. Anderson, R.T. Neri L Reliability- Centered Maintenance Management and engineering methods,Elsevier Applied Science, 1990
5. Yoshikazu Takahashi Takashi Osada Total Productive Maintenance,Asian Productivity Organization, 1990
6. Fabrycky, W ,J and Blanchard,B.S.Life-cycle cost and economic analysis Prentice Hall International  Series in Industrial and Systems Engineering 1991
7. Garin, T.A :A Preferred Spare Decision Support SystemIncorporating a Lift Cycle cost Model, Thesis of M.S  Faculty of the School of Engineering of the Air  Force Institute ofTechnology, Air University, 1991
8. Carrubba, E.R.et al Integrating Life-Cycle Cost and Cost-of-Ownership in thr Lcommercial Sector, Proceedings of IEEE Annual Reliabiluty and Maintainability Symposium 1992,pp 101-108,1992
9. Blamchard, B.S. and Fabrycky, W.j. Systems Engineering and Analysis 3rd Edition,Prentice Hall International Series in Industrial and Systems Engineering

喔箟喔侧竾喔栢付喔  MECHANICAL Technology Magazine Vol. 3 No.25 October   2003 喔笝喙夃覆 104-107 喙喔傕傅喔⑧笝喙傕笖喔 喙傕竵喔ㄠ弗 喔斷傅喔ㄠ傅喔ム笜喔`福喔